UCD Rosemount Environmental Research Station facilities are located within the curtilage and former walled yard of Rosemount House (demolished) which was one of a number of former estates that were combined to form the UCD Belfield campus. These facilities are located in the southwest corner of the campus and comprise 4 ha of land.
UCD Rosemount Environmental Research Station currently accommodates pomology teaching and research, vegetable production demonstration and plant materials teaching for horticulture students. The Sports Turf teaching facility is a unit comprising a US-PGA grade tee box and associated golf green. The unique construction of this green enables nutrient movement through the green to be quantified and assessed.The largest area of land at Rosemount (approximately 12,000 m2) is taken up with an extensive apple trial. Demonstration plots of top and soft fruits, vegetable demonstration plots, grass cultivar display, European oak trial and Eucalyptus cut foliage demonstration and trial, occupy the remaining lands.
Rosemount is the ational repository for the Lamb Clarke historical Irish Apple collection. The collection comprises some seventy five cultivars of culinary and dessert apples of Irish origin. This collection, which has been supported by the Department of Agriculture and Food, is an important genetic resource for development of new apple cultivars.
The Cambridge HOK production glasshouse, covering a total area of 355 m<>sup2, consists of 5 different bays, each with its own climate, light and watering control. Four bays are 6.4 m by 8 m, while the fifth is more than double the size at some 6.4 m x 18.5 m.
Current uses of the glasshouse are diverse, including plant collections supporting teaching, horticultural demonstration, crops for horticulture modules, industry funded plant growth experimental trials, experiments on plant-pathogen interaction and providing support space for the potting and cultivation of experimental plants for use in plant growth experiments within PEAC.
Rosemount is also home to a state-of the-art containment glasshouse. The 98 m2 facility, built by Cambridge HOK, is available as a technology platform for staff and students within the School of Biology and Environmental Science and the School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine.
The glasshouse consists of four equally-sized 18 m2 bays with climate and light control.
The primary concern of turfgrass superintendents is the management and maintenance of pristine turfgrass manicured to perfection on facilities subjected to regular close grass mowing, frequent use, intensive wear and increasingly, all year round play. Sand based rootzones are increasingly used in new sporting constructions around the world because of their excellent drainage characteristics and ability to withstand heavy wear during wintertime. Despite this, such facilities are not without inherent problems, not least a general lack of organic matter, limited cation exchange capacity and water retention leading to the loss of nutrients to the environment. To study these effects, a set of zero-tension lysimeters were installed in a new 700 m2 United States Golf Association (USGA) specification golf green that was constructed with a view to collect and analyse leachate to detect potential environmental pollutants.